BIOS E-152: Plant Genetic Engineering for Medicine, Agriculture, and the Environment

This course investigates how genetically engineered plants can be used to produce human medicines, foods with improved nutrition, and crops resistant to environmental challenges. We assess a variety of scientific approaches to create a genetically modified organism (GMO), including introducing foreign genes to produce transgenic plants, knocking down expression with RNAi, and gene editing with CRISPR/Cas 9. Through case studies, students examine plant genetic engineering to produce therapeutic antibodies, vaccines, nutrient-enhanced foods, and crops resistant to pesticides, herbicides, or disease. Students also evaluate progress towards developing plants to promote environmental sustainability and critically assess current regulatory frameworks for evaluation and approval.


Margaret A. Lynch







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  • [Course titles in brackets] indicate that the course is not scheduled to be taught during the 2019-2020 academic year, but may be offered in an alternate year.
  • An asterisk (*) before a course number indicates that a student must obtain the instructor's permission in order to enroll in the course.

Harvard University
Center for the Environment

Address: 26 Oxford Street, 4th Floor, Cambridge
Phone: (617) 495-0368

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